Class Six

2015 - 2016


class 6 julians 1

On Monday 5th October Class 6 made the journey to Julian’s farm to think about Habitats.

We were lucky enough to meet up with Matt from the Devon Wildlife Trust who has spent several months surveying and assessing the quality of the water in the stream. We spent the morning taking samples of water and then counting the number of creatures present. Lots of creatures means healthy water.

In the afternoon we walked up to the Long Barrow on Warrior’s Moor. Although the barrow is pretty low now you can see that when it was built 5,000 years ago it was absolutely enormous. Andrew Guy has a small collection of flint tools found there although, as there is no flint in our area, these must have been traded with someone from a long way off.

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radio station 1

 Our exciting new Radio Station project is up-and-running !!!

We've installed speakers across the school and our older children are taking the lead; broadcasting breakfast, break, lunch and after-school shows which are featuring our favourite music and thimgs like competitions and jokes.

In the coming weeks were going to start to introduce thngs like news items, jingles, adverts and interviews, and we're also going to be recording our own music.
Our first pod-cast won't be far away either !

As we get more confident we are going to start to involve younger children so that everyone in school can be part of this exciting new development.

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Our Biggest sporting challenge of the year in school is our Ten Tors Challenge on Dartmoor.

After a lot of training over the year this eventually ends with a two day camping and walking event which involves covering a distance of as much as twenty five miles on the North Dartmoor section of the moor.

Training started last week when our new group of Year Six students visited the moor for the first time.
Weather conditions were very different for our two groups - with everything from driving rain and strong winds to glorious Autumn sunshine !
Both groups covered over ten miles on a mixture of paths and open moors which is a pretty impressive start.

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surfing 2015 1
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We do loads of watersports in school - including things like kayaking, sailing and wake boarding.

Every Autumn Term everyone in Year Six has has a surf lesson each week, on a Friday afternoon which is a great way to end the week.
These photos show us on Crooklets beach in Bude last week where some of us started to stand up for the first time !!!

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 The Rev. Hawker is a famous local vicar who preached at Morwenstow Church durng the Victorian Period. He was famous for inventing the "modern" harvest festival and for helping sailors who were shipwrecked on the shores of North Crnwall and Devon.
His hut is a short walk from the church along the cliff tops.
He used to sit in it and write poetry.

Our trip gave us the perfect opportunity to imagine what it must be like to be in a ship on stromy seas as it involved gale force winds and driving rain !!!

Having reached Hawker's Hut we headed for his church which was the perfect place to take refuge from the storm.

We had a wonderfully dramatic trip out - hopefully the next one will involve less waterproofs and much more sunshine !!

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2014 - 2015

scarecrow 2015 6

During the Bradworthy Arts Festival Andrea Downing organised a scarecrow competition, it was for all ages and there were many types.

The theme for the competition was underwater, just like the theme in the school exhibition.

There were many different underwater creatures and pirates were quite popular, no scarecrow was the same and quite a lot of them made us laugh.

Like a traditional scarecrow they were made out of straw and then dressed up, but in a fishy way.

The competition was judged by our year Six children and the winner was awarded a prize, just like in any other competition.

The winner of the competition was Sophie Hudson, her scarecrow was a mermaid with out a head so anyone who passed by could be a mermaid and it was a really clever idea because it let people get involved.

Her idea of everyone being a mermaid came from, when she was making the head but it didn’t turn out very well, so her dad said, why not just not do a head and do a sign saying; “anyone can be a mermaid”.

The prize was a trophy made out of glass, £25 which they generously gave to charity and a box of malteasters.

By Eve And Kaya

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On Monday 27th April Class Six and I went to Julian’s Farm to look at some rare habitats and to help the wildlife that was in this environment by building some boxes for them to nest in. It was really fun on the farm.

The first thing we did when we got there was dip our feet in disinfectant made from iodine and water. This was to make sure we didn’t infct the land with anything form outside. We started of with assembling some “habitat houses” which were for little mammals and birds. One of the bird boxes had metal on the front.

After this Year Six went on a habitat hunt. The first things we found were a couple of butterflies, a lizard, some frogs and lots of caterpillars.

We’re going to go back in a few weeks when the caterpillars have metamorphosised into rare butterflies called Marsh Fritillaries – you only find them on Culm Grass.

Finally we made our way back to the farm to have a late lunch and after this we went back to school.

I’ve learnt about where caterpillars live but my favourite part was assembling the boxes.

By Keiron

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Our art exhibition has an "Underwater Wonder" theme this year so in Year Six we've been studying the oceans.

This took us down to some of the beaches near our school where some unusually low tides meant we could explore the wreck of the SS Belem which ran aground in 1917.
It also gave us the chance to look at some of the sea life which we've been thinking about in school.
Including the remains of a Fin Whale which washed ashore on Wanson Beach, near Bude, this winter.

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We've spent this week making, and decorating, biscuits and cakes so that we could sell them at our cake sale on Red Nose Day.
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We had a brek from our "Red Nose Day" fund raising to visit the planetarium which was visiting Holsworthy College.

This year's show was based on force which was perfect because we've been studying this in school. It was a great way of reinforcing the things we've been learning about and a lot of fun.

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We've been learning about Newton's Laws of Motion in Class this January, and one of the things we've been trying to measure is the acceleration that is caused by Earth's Gravitational Field.

We used a ball which is spherical and an aerodynamic shape so that air resistance doesn't have much effect.

We dropped the ball from the top of our climbing wall which was the highest point we could get to.
(Edward is 5m above our Class floor and being looked after by Ritchie who's belaying him)
This meant that we had time to measure how long it took the ball to drop.

We dropped the ball lots of time so we could work out the average time on a spread sheet.

We realized that our reactions would have a big effect so we worked out how long they were in a separate test.

Acceleration is equal to the change in speed (whch went from zero to 0.7 m/s) divided by time.

We worked out that the acceleration caused by gravity is 10 m/s² which is pretty close to the real acceleration.



cookery 2

We do loads of cookery in Year Six.

As well as learnig about the sort of food s that we need to make us fit and healthy we also cook lots of different recipies.

You can probably see that we're not cooking that heathy a dish in this photos.

Chocolate Brownies are a great treat and anyway it's really important to have a balanced diet !!


Every year at 11.00am on the 11th of November the whole school goes down to the War Memorial on the Square where we stand silently for two minutes to remember all of the people who have given their lives for us.
We always read all of the names of the local soldiers who are on the memorial and we also read poetry which was written by soldiers in the trenches.
Lots of people from the village came and stood with us this year.


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Our Christmas Fayre is run as a business project by children in Year Six who work in their House Teams to organise and run competitions and games to try and make the biggest profit.
It also involves children across the school making lots of wonderful Christmas craft items.
These photos show us getting ready.



We went through marshes, bogs, rivers, and up steep hills. There were lots of cows, sheep and ponies. It was really cold and it was raining heavily. It was also really foggy and in one place we could only see about 5 meters in front of us. We had to be concentrating on where we were walking. Some areas it looked safe to walk on but you could easily fall in really deep mud or a bog.

Dartmoor is really dangerous but we were with sir and he has lots of experience on Dartmoor.
We had to use a map and compass to find our way.

Dartmoor covers an area of 363 square miles and 240 square miles of this are granite.
The highest point on Dartmoor is "High Willhayes" which is 621 meters high.
All of the higher land is granite and you can see it sticking out at the top of the hills where the soil has been eroded. The rest of the granite is covered in quite a thin layer of soil called peat.

The reason that the ground on Dartmoor is so wet is because there is granite underneath. Granite is an impermeable rock so water can't get through it and when it rains the water jsut sits there and doesn't drain away.
The reason that there is so much granite under Dartmoor is because molten lava (also known as magma) under the earth rose up and cooled down and just sat there (It's like a volcano that never exploded).
The soft rock on top got eroded away over millions of years and now the granite is left behind.

The granite in the background has been forming over millions of years, it is sticking coming out of the ground because the softer rock which was on top has eroded away.

The granite is water tight so a small river is flowing off it and down from the hill, the grass is very damp and there are lots of blanket bogs.


Did you know that kayaks were invented thousands of years ago by Eskimos in Greenland and that we still use them to this very day as you can see Symi and Becky doing here?
Kayaks move forward because somebody pushes the water back with a paddle which forces the kayak to travel, but to move in  straight line you need to push the water on both sides using alternate ends of the paddle. This was the first stroke we learned.
If it goes wrong you can tip up and fall out of the boat which is called capsizing.

Climbing is a sport and an excellent exercise for your body. When we climb we learn how to tie a figure of 8 knot so we are safely tied to the rope.

We also have to learn to belay, do you know how?

All you do is to get the climbing rope and connect it to the carabineer and then connect it to the belay device, you take the hand that you are confident with then you take control with the other hand and feed the rope through as the climber climbs.

We have also learnt to put on a harness - you pull up the harness to your waist then you tighten the waist belt and then the leg loops until they are safe to climb with.

Climbing became a popular sport in the 1880s in England. In this picture there are people bouldering (climbing without a rope) at our school, they are trying to find new ways to climb to the top.

Surfing is one of the oldest practiced sports in history. People first surfed in ancient Western Polynesia ( a small island in the middle of the South Pacific Ocean ) about three thousand years ago. Unfortunately there is not a record of when stand up surfing originally became a sport.

When you surf you use a board that is usually made out of polystyrene foam and coated with layers of fibreglass cloth which makes it hard. But we used just foam board because if we bumped into each other it would hurt. That is why you use soft ones when you are learning.


Behind Jess and Sophie is Morwenstow Church it was built in the Norman era and extra parts were built on in the 13th, 15th and 16th centuries. We went to the church on a school trip to study local history because that was our topic.

Morwenstow was named after Saint Morwenna who was a local saint.

Outside the church there is a replica of a figure head of a ship called "The Caledonia" and inside the church there is the real figure which has been restored because if it's been under water for one hundred years it would rot.

Inside the church there are chairs that have ends that were made around 1575. There was also a big statue of Jesus and the cross with Mary.

R.S Hawker built this hut so that he could write his poetry whilst watching the brutal waves and the cliffs below him. He could also look out for any ships coming in. He made this hut out of driftwood that had washed up on the beach. Hawkers hut is walking distance from Morwenstow church were R.S Hawker was reverend.

Hawker was the vicar in the 1840s and is best known for two things:
He invented the Harvest Festival and also saved a lot of sailors when a ship called the Caledonian got wrecked on the beech near Morwenstow. The figure head form the ship is in the church.


Year Six split into three groups to do bikeability.
Our instructor, Ian, showed us how to check if our bikes are safe to ride. We did this by checking our pedals, brakes and seats.
After this we did a series of challenges, for example riding as fast as we could towards Ian then stopping at the last moment.
Our biggest challenge was out on the roads when we rode to Sutcombe and back and earned two badges.
Our roads can be very dangerous and it is important to learn how to be safe so it was really good to do this course.


We walked out on to the beach underneath Warren Cliffs to look at the cliffs and the caves.
In the distance you can see Bear Rock, but it doesn't look much like a bear !
Bear rick used to be flat and at the bottom of a shallw sea, this was about 250 million years ago. You can see ripples on the rock that look like they have been made by water running over sand.
bear rock is vertical now. It has been pushed up by the movement of the Earth's tectonic plates.
It would have been inside the cliff in the past but the cliff has eroded away and now bear Rock is standing up by itself.
The cliffs behind Ethan are made of Sandstone which is a sedimentary rock.
Flat layers formed millions of years ago at the bottom of a shallow tropical sea.
Since then the movement of the Earth's tectonic plates has folded the rocks so that they aren't flat anymore. These plates have also moved north over millions of years and we are obviously no longer in the tropics.
The boulders and pebbles on the beach have been made by the sea's erosion and weathering.

Here we are at Hartland, at Hartland Quay we went for a walk by the side of the sea, as you see there is a hill on our left and then the hill drops away. This is because the sea has dug away at the hill and over the years it has gradually fallen down so the coast has come further inland.

There used to be a church on the hill, which is called St Catherine’s Tor, but it fell down because of the sea eroding the cliff.


In this photo sir has been teaching us about how mountains, canyons and rivers are created by building a mountain out of sand and watering it.

Mountains are created by the tectonic plates pushing together for millions of years which pushes the ground up higher and higher until they become high enough to be classified as a mountain (1000ft or 300m).

Canyons are created by the tectonic plates pulling apart for millions of years. On average a canyon should be at least 1mile or 5,280ft (1,809m) deep. The deepest canyon is devils peak on the Idaho side it is 8,043ft (2,452m) deep.

Rivers can be made in lots of different ways, for example in this picture rivers can be made by water flowing down a mountain. A river can be made by a spring (a spring is a where water comes out of the ground). After one of these two things happen the water goes into a stream which then joins together with other streams to turn into a tributary which then joins onto a river which gradually gets bigger and bigger until it goes into the ocean at a place that is called the river’s mouth.

All of these things make the land around us look the way that it is, and it’s changing all the time.

Eve is testing why the rain isn't salty because we’ve been doing the water cycle and rain comes from sea, this is because salt is a solid substance which has dissolved in water. Water isn’t a solid it’s a liquid so when it gets hot and evaporates it leaves behind the salt which is a solid. So the sea will always be salty, it would be impossible for it not to be, and rain is not.


A source is the start of the river. One type of source is a spring, where water comes from the ground.

The water sinks into the ground and gets trapped by impermeable rocks. It builds up and comes out.

There are different types of sources and another is where water falls on rocky ground and just runs.

After that the spring becomes a tributary which is a small stream which joins on to a river. There is usually more than one tributary, that can join a river.

When we went to Julian’s farm we learnt about culm. Culm is a really rare grass, and it is only found in a few places in the world.

We weren’t able to walk on it because it is so protected, we would damage it if we did. We were only allowed to walk on certain bits that were specially cut for us to walk through. Culm is a type of boggy grassland, which is home for endangered wildlife like The marsh fritillary butterfly.

The marsh fritillary is a large powerful butterfly with wings which are orange with black markings. Culm grass is its only home.


The water has formed an eddy (a place where it is turning in a circle) which has erroded the bank.

When the water enters the inlet it swirls around and around, making the inlet bigger, before exiting and fllowing the river downsteam.

If the inlet gets bigger and deeper it might take the river in a different direction.

You could see this really clearly by watchin the orange that we had thrown in to the river.

It's like when a river's meander turns into an okbow lake.

We are holding a stick with some string on it, the string is ten meters long. At the other end of the string there is someone else holding up a stick like Blythe is, we threw oranges in to the river, once the orange passed the first stick someone would start a timer and when the orange passed the last stick the person who started the timer stopped their timer. We were doing this to see how fast the river was flowing.


 The children in our class do loads of different sports -  as well as challenging things like climbing, kyaking and surfing we also do lots of traditional sports too.

This is Noah finishing in the top ten in a cross country race at Torrington.
We also play netball, football, hockey and rugby.
In the summer we play sports like vollyball, rounders, athletics and cricket.



In the harvest festival we sang five songs and Year Five read and “signed” a poem, the brass band performed two tunes and in between the songs Sir said a few words.

Harvest is a very important time of year, because it’s when farmers collect the food they’ve grown. Without this time of year we would all starve.

At the start the brass band played Pop Rock and Mini March to warm up. Then they played Plough to the End of the Row with the whole school singing behind them.

Before we started Sir said some things. The next song we sang was Cauliflowers Fluffy; KS1 sang the first verse and chorus on there own then the whole school joined in.

Next we sang Oats and Beans and Barley Grow; Year Three and Four sang it once through then the whole school did.

Then year five did a poem, called The Harvest Moon by Ted Hughes, they did it again in sign language which everyone thought was very impressive.

After sir read out a quote by Robert Louis Stevenson. The quote was “Don’t judge each day by the harvest you reap but by the seeds that you plant” and the whole school sang Jolly Plough Boys which is a fast high song.

The last song we sang was Country Boy which is a very fast song, only Year Five and Six sang it. The ukuleles played the tune.

Before we finished Sir said a very long quote by a man called Kent Nurburn, who said that giving was like loving and withholding like withering, and everyone got a round of applause.

I think harvest went very well.

By Evie


climbing 4
Simon has built an amazing climbing centre near St Neot in Cornwall and some of us have started to use it more regulary this year.
As you can see it gives us a brilliant chance to develop and improve our skills - and also have a lot of fun.
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Class Six Letters:


Bikability Cycle Training
Morwenstow Trip
Harland Quay
Museum Trip
Julian's Farm

Band Performance Letter


Class Six Homework:

Powers of Two
Posting Letters - Poem
Posting Letters - Worksheet
Factors and Prime Numbers
The Raven

2013 - 2014

Class Six Letters

Climbing Letter ( 6.9.2013 )
Sailing Letter ( 6.9.2013 )
Surfing Letter (6.9.2013 )

Hartland Quay Letter (19.9.2013)

Climbing 2

Dartmoor 1

London Residential Trip (Letter 1)


Water-sports Club
Climbing 3
Climbing 4
Dartmoor Letter (Summer 2014)
London Residential Trip (Summer 2014)
Year Six Timetable - Summer 2014


This picture shows how dangerous the sea really is.

The cliff has been eroded by the sea and lost its strength and given up, and started to collapse

The big boulders get worn away and polished I to pebbles. The pebbles and get broken down and turned into sand.

The rock that had collapsed was called Sandstone.

The cliff was near where the mini buses were parked.

We're on the cliffs overlooking a cove (a small bay) where the sea has eroded the land a way.
Softer rock gets warn a way first and harder rock later.
The rock you can see is called Culm and it's not found in very many places in the World.
Our coast is called The Culm Coast because you get a lot of this rock here.
Culm is good for climbing on (if you know what you are doing) because it's harder than sandstone.

This photo with me in is about this V-shaped valley. It has been made by the weather eroding the land over thousands of years.
There is a river running through it down to the sea.


In the back of the picture the cliff is high. It drops down and rises back up and then
drops into the sea. The land has been eroded.

This valley isn’t like most river valleys because it is very flat bottomed. The river is very small and at one edge, rather than in the middle.

The river doesn’t even flow through all of the valley.

River valleys usually go straight out to sea but this one runs beside it.

The sea has eroded one of the walls which has collapsed.

It’s a bit of a mystery how it formed

This valley was meandering along until it ended in a cliff. We had to turn left and follow the cliff up to the top.
The valley has been eroded by the sea.
You can sea St Catherine's Tor where there used to be a little church. Hundreds of years ago the cliff fell into the sea in a storm and the church fell too.
Eventually the valley wall you can see will get eroded too and this wall of the valley won't be there anymore.
This will probably take a thousand years or more.
We stopped at Speakes Mill to write some notes and make some sketches so that we would remember what we had seen.

A hundred years ago people used to bring sand from the beach up a steep path to Speakes Mill where it got sorted out.
The best sand was sold to farmers who put it on their land as a fertilizer.
The sand got taken away on carts up a track which is still there. We followed the track to a crossroads at the top where they used to sell the sand.

At a place called Speaks Mill we discovered a water fall flowing from a river near by.
The waterfall looked stunning and had a river at the bottom which went into the sea. It was white and frothy at the bottom where it was flowing into the sea because of the water crashing onto the rocks!
At the top there was a pool of water and over hanging rocks which were created by the waterfall. It was fenced off for safety but we still had a great view of it.
Jasmine and Erin

Here we are at St Nectan’s church.

This is were we stopped and had lunch. It was a great place to stop and relax so were ready for the next half of the journey. We went through Speaks Mill and an ancient oak wood to get there.
The church had gargoyles on the roof.
Mr Sentance told us about St Nectan who was a Cornish saint who had his head cut off by pirates. This didn’t stop him from running away though. Everywhere his blood dropped bluebells grew.


On the beach we walked to a nice spot on the sandstone pebbles to sit and have a
half an hour chat about rocks and erosion and it got us all thinking.
We talked about a rock called Bear Rock - it's called that because its shaped
like a bear. Bear Rock would of been at the bottom of the sea 400 million years ago and it would have been flat. The beach was the best bit especially when
we got to explore round and look at rocks!
Jasmine and Erin

At the back of this picture we can see were the tectonic plates of the earth have been forced the rock upwards. About 250 million years ago this cliff face was part of a huge mountain, bigger than Mount Everest.
These rocks are a perfect example because they show how the rocks have been forced together in layers to make sedimentary rocks.
In time, the sea and the weather eroded the mountains, braking off bits of rock, and then the sea swallowing them up. This caused the mountain to shrink and disappear.
We’re standing at the front where the cliff used to be.
You can follow the rocks that are sticking out of the sand back to the cliff. They used to be part of the cliff.

This is a picture of sedimentary rocks.Sedimentary rocks are rocks formed by sediments of sand or mud pressing together. The rocks are formed in layers because of new sediments settling on top of older sediments. This happened 400 million years ago when Devon was at the bottom of the sea. The sand and mud was washed into the sea from land where Wales is now.
These particular layers are diagonal, they are diagonal because the earth is made plates of rock floating on boiling magma / lava.
When two plates push together they create mountains so the earth rises diagonally.
250 million years ago there were huge mountains here, you can see the mountain shape in the rock.


2012 - 2013

Ten Tors Challenge

Group One
Tuesday 16th and Wednesday 17th July
Group Two
Wednesday 17th and Thursday 18th July

Group One will travel down to Dartmoor on Tuesday (leaving school at 8.00am).
They will walk to their camp site, set up camp and then take part in a day walk.
They will camp over-night and then complete a second day walk on Wednesday before meeting Group Two and leaving the moor (this group should be back by 4.00pm at the latest).

Group Two will travel down to Dartmoor on Wednesday (leaving school at 12.00 mid-day)
They will meet Group One and then take part in a day walk to the camp which Group One has set up.
They will camp over-night and then complete a second day walk on Thursday before breaking camp and leaving the moor (they should be back at about 7.00pm).

We will prepare for the challenge on Monday.

This will include planning meals.
We will travel over to Morrisons in Bude to buy the food that we will need on Monday morning.

The children will need to use the large rucksacks that we have in school.
There aren't enough for the children to have one each so we will swap them over when the groups meet on Wednesday.

The children will need their usual Dartmoor kit.
They will need to bring a packed lunch for the first day and snacks.
Tents and sleeping mats will be supplied by school.
Each child will need to bring their own sleeping bag - if this is a problem please let us know on Monday.

We are hoping that parents will be able to come along and support the day walks.
You are very welcome to camp with us if you wish.
Please let us know if you can walk or camp with us next week.
Let us know if you have your own tent or whether you need to borrow one.

Sorry about the lateness of this information.
We've been exceptionally busy recently and unfortunately this has stopped us from making arrangements any earlier.

We'll talk all of this through with the children on Monday.
Please feel free to e-mail if you want any further information.

There will be no charge for this activity.

Class Six Letters -

Hartland Quay Trip


River Torridge Trip
Dartmoor Walks

Climbing 2

Castle Museum Trip
London Residential Trip
Rosemoor Gardens Trip
Climbing 3
Tennis / Hockey
Year Six Summer Timetable 2013

Class Six Homework -

The Whole Town's Sleeping

Consecutive Numbers
Factors and Prime Numbers
Rivers - Technical Vocabulary
Half Term Report
Four Fours Maths Investigation
Grids and Powers Investigation
The Rose that Grew from Concrete
I Cry
Love in Autumn by Sara Teasdale

Pancake Day Science !


Chinese New Year

Sunday February, the tenth 2013, year of the water snake,
another Chinese year comes our way

Year six did some Chinese cooking to celebrate Chinese new year, this involved making Chinese food that is traditionally eaten on New Years Eve. We made Chinese dumplings and egg drop soup. The Chinese dumplings were filled with things like mushrooms chillies, pak choi, bean sprouts, bamboo shoots and onion, which is some of what the Chinese peasants use to put in their dumplings. Egg drop soup is a soup that you drop egg into and it scrambles.
Fish is also traditionally eaten at New Year. You are meant to leave a bit on your plate so that you will have more than enough to live in the New Year. We didn't cook fish.
We all really enjoyed making the Chinese food and learning about Chinese New Year.

By Marie and Cara.


Newton's Second Law of Motion

The children in year six have been learning about Newton's laws of motion. These pictures show year six creating experiments for Newton's second law of motion. Newton's second law of motion is
F = m * a.
This means, force equals mass times acceleration. One of the ways of showing this is by getting a chunk of clay and measuring the width and the height so we could have a fair experiment. We constantly dropped a two hundred kilogram weight into the clay, making the height of the drop bigger each time. We then measured the hole that the weight made in the clay and got our results.
Their were lots of different groups doing these experiments and because we had to design our own tests groups did different things.
Some swung a pendulum to knock an object, some dropped a weight and measured the sound the was made and one group dropped a weight into water and measured how much water splashed out.

Imogen and Kira


The Internal Angles of a Triangle.

In class 6 we did an investigation on the internal angels of a triangle.
This picture shows that on a curved surface you can produce a triangle with three 90 degree angels.
The rule is that every triangle drawn on a flat surfaces has internal angels that will add up, if drawn accurately, to 180 degrees. This was discovered by an ancient Greek called Euclid. Most of the Shape and Space work we do in school is on a flat surface and this is called Euclidian Geometry.
This isn't true for a triangle drawn on a curved surface.

By Anna and Ellie


The Density of Air.


The Bencoolen

On the twenty first of October, two thousand and twelve, class six went to Bude as a day trip with Sir, Mr Sentence and Mrs Brown. We went there because we are studying shipwrecks in England and so we are learning about the Bencoolen. The Bencoolen was wrecked in Bude around one hundred and fifty years ago.

Firstly, to start the day off, we went to the Castle Museum in Bude. When we got there we had a quick glance round, then we found out facts about things we where interested in. Mr Sentence told us about how boats where taken over hills in Bude canal. They were taken over hills by using a tub boat and a conveyer belt, the boats would get attached to a chain and hauled up to the top of the hill.  In the museum, a lady told us about the Bencoolen, interesting facts that were not written down anywhere.

After, we walked to the canal and the lock gates. When we were at the Lock gates, we where lucky enough to see someone use the lock. They built lock gates to control the tide because a canal is a man-made river deep enough to get boats to and from the sea to the inland. They need to get boats inland because they need to unload important valuables from other countries. In the olden days, the only way to do that was by ship. That is why they need to control the tide.
The canal was mostly used to move sand inland to farms so that it could be used as a fertilizer.

Then we went to the seawall at Somerleiz beach to see where the Bencoolen got wrecked in the harbour. A seawall is a handmade wall in a harbour to stop the waves from destroying the harbour and the boats in it. We walked along the seawall and saw what a difference it actually makes to the sea conditions. As you cannot put a wall around all of it, there are still a couple of waves coming in from the other side. They could not have a wall all the way round because ships would not be able to get in and out of the harbour.

Then we went to the church and the graveyard. It was the day after the anniversary of the Bencoolen (the twentieth of October), the church had a memorial to remember the twenty six members of the crew who passed away on that day.  When we got to the church there were some flowers on their grave stone. A couple of the sailors were not buried there, but it is a mystery as to where the bodies went. Maybe they were buried where their family’s live or they got lost at sea. 
After seeing the grave stone we went into the church and Sir read us a poem. The poem was called ‘Sea Tongue’ and is a really good poem because it felt as if you were each thing or person in the storm.

We had a wonderful day out and we learnt loads. We all now know lots more facts about the Bencoolen and luckily the weather was dry, even if not sunny.

By Kira (Year Six)


The River Torridge.
As part of our study of local geography we spent the day following the River Torridge from Torrington to the estuary at Instow. These are some of the things thta we found out as we went along .....

The Weir.

A weir is a wall made across the river which has been built to control the flow of water in the river.
It looks like a waterfall because the water flows over the top and drops back down again quickly.
The weir on the River Torridge is used to stop it overflowing, and to control tidal water. It is not a natural wall it is artificial.
The depth of the water above the weir does not change with the tide.


The Path of the River.

The path of the river Torridge goes in a meander. The Tarka trail that follows the river and used to be a railway track. Now the Tarka trail is a cycle path. There is a tunnel.
The Tarka trail starts at the Puffing Billy and goes to Bideford and further to the estuary at Instow and beyond.

Josh and Ross.

Lock Gates and a Flood Plain.

Lock Gates-
Lock gates are man-made gates that are there to control the canal. Lock gates are made from giant pieces of wood that can last a long time without rotting. Bude lock gates were obliterated by a huge storm in March 2009 and had to get rebuilt but these gates at Halsannery are sheltered from bad weather.

Flood Plains-
Flood plains are places (usually near a river) that flood easily due to lots of rain fall or snow melting. They can also be near a lake or pond and are usually marshy areas.



On the Torridge walk there were lots of different types of habitats such as, grassland, woodland, hedgerows, seawater and freshwater. All in the same scene we saw them. It was stunningly beautiful!
The Grassland
The grassland was quite boggy so you could sink easily. The wildlife that lives in the grassland is frogs, crickets, spiders, grasshoppers, worms, slow-worms and insects.
The Woodland
The woodland looked very dark, eerie and scary. The wildlife that lives there is spiders, birds, insects and foxes. Also you can find a variety of different mushrooms, many of them are poisonous!
The Hedgerows
The hedgerows are hedges alongside the path. They can have loads of wildlife living in them such as hedgehogs, dormice, butterflies, spiders, insects and bees. You can also find lots of different types of wild flowers such as foxgloves and hemlock.
The Freshwater
The freshwater is river, lake and stream . The wildlife that lives there is fish, snails and insects.
The Seawater
The seawater is the sea throughout the world. In some parts of the sea it is nice, blue and clear and in other parts it is murky and brown. The wildlife is dolphins, sharks, whales, seaweed and fish – although you don’t get dolphins, sharks and whales in the river Torridge.
The river has saltwater in it below the weir because it is tidal.

By Rachel & Rachel

Salt Marshes and the Tide.

The River Torridge is a tidal river. A Tidal river is a river which has a tide. The Tide makes the depth of the river to go up and down.
At low Tide you can see the mudflats and salt Marshes and at high Tide the mad flats are covered and only the plants show from
the Marshes. Ships can past through to the port at Bideford at a high Tide.

A Salt Marsh is a Marsh found in mudflats near the coast. Only certain plants can grow in a Salt Marsh as the air is salty and the water is salty.


Rivers Joining the Torridge.

When one river river joins a larger river it is called a confluence.
When we were walking along the River Torridge, we saw this confluence happening where the River Yeo met the Torridge.
When the rivers meet you can see a different shade of water. It is not always a smaller river that it is joining.
The Taw joins the Torridge and they are both big rivers.


Bideford Bridge.

The River Torridge is spanned at Bideford by a Long Bridge which was first built in the 13 century. It has 24 arches, all of different sizes.

The traditional explanation is that each arch was paid for by different people and richer people paid for bigger arches, there are no records to confirm this. Another theory is that the arches of the bridge
were built over large stones in the river with each stone being one support of the arch.

A local New Year's Eve tradition was to try to run across the Long Bridge, in the time it takes for the bells at nearby St. Mary's church to chime midnight.

In the 16th century Bideford was Britain's third largest port.

It is said that Sir Walter Raleigh landed the first shipment of tobacco in Bideford, although this
isn't true as Raleigh was not the first to bring tobacco to England.
In honour of Raleigh several Bideford roads and a hill have been named after him.

Today clay and wood are the min exports loaded onto boats at Bideford.

The quay was improved in 2006 to stop the quay from flooding.


The Railway.

The railway was a branch line which is now called the Tarka Trail named after the book Tarka the Otter.
It ran through Banstable, Instow, Bideford, Torrington and many more smaller places. This railway followed
the River Torridge.

Many railways were built by the Victorians to take passengers to the other side of the county. This railway also carried Mail, Newspapers, Food Supplies, Livestock, farming Supplies, Milk, Coal
Petrol, Cement and Clay.

The line opened 1851 and then reopened in 1854 due an exstension wich was added.

The line goes two different ways from Bideford, to Fremmington Harbour and Barnstaple where it used to join the main line. South of Bideford it went to Torrington and beyond. North of Barnstaple another branch line went to Exmoor and stopped there.

The railway closed in the 1970s due to money problems but luckily the Tarka Trail is now
a cycle path and walking area.

Peter and Maddy

Bideford Quay and Trade.

In the 16th century Bideford quay was the 3rd largest port in the country, It was mainly used for fishing especially cod and Irish wool and tobacco.
Because it was so busy it had to be extended three times, it got extended in 1663, 1692 and 1890.
Over the years the quay has had some major refurbishments, including a new water fountain.
The port is still regularly used today but for things like transporting pottery to Spain and still for fishing. It is a homeport for MS Oldenburg which regularly goes fourteen miles to Lundy Island and back.
Lundy is on the North Devon coastline and is in the Bristol Channel.
In the seventieth century and early eightieth century Ireland was a big market place for Bideford’s pottery, the reason for it was that Bideford had strong links with the Sheriff who was called Sir Richard Grenville. Sir Richards family was also part of Bideford’s history going back in the 1400. Ships' records show a lot of pottery going to Ireland it mainly went to Dublin but it was also sent to places like: Galway and Limerick. The other big markets were North America and also the Caribbean.

Marie and Josh


Lime Kilns and Farming.

Lime is widely used on farming land.
It is spread onto the fields where the soil is too acidic so that farmers can grow better crops.To make the lime uesful it has to go through the limekiln process.The lime comes from sedimentary rock that is quarried up.It is broken into smaller rock and then the air in the kiln is preheated. After that the rock is heated really hot then it cools and turns into a powder.
There are a lot of lime kilns on the river Torridge because there are lots of farms in North Devon. The farmers needed the lime.
Most of the lime came form South Wales. The coal which was used for the fires in the kilns came from South Wales too.


The Working River.
Tourism and Leisure.

The Estuary.

The estuary at Bideford was the main trade route. The estuary is were the River Torridge meets the sea.
It was the source of all of Bidefords food before roads and it is tidal.
One of the things that was imported was limestone from South Wales. The limestone gets baked in the many limekilns on the Torridge so that it can be used to fertilise farmers soil.

Eddie and Jake

The water cycle is evaporation, condensation, Precipitation and Collection.

Evaporation is when the sun heats up water in rivers or lakes or the ocean and turns
it into vapor or steam. The water vapor or steam leaves the river, lake or ocean
and goes into the air.

Condensation is when Water vapor in the air gets cold and changes back into
liquid, forming clouds. This is called condensation.
You can see the same sort of thing at home... pour a glass of cold water on a hot
day and watch what happens. Water forms on the outside of the glass. That water
somehow leak through the glass! It actually came from the air. Water vapor
in the warm air, turns back into liquid when it touches the cold glass.

Precipitation is another word for rain which falls from the clouds.

Collection is all about water running across the land in rivers and going back to the sea.
The whole cycle then starts again.


We've had a really busy start to the term studying local geography.
We've linked this to science which means lots of investigations and we've also been taking our work outside of the classroom, where our new Journals proved really useful.
Our first science of the year was all about the properties of water.
We had to plan and carry out our own investigations - some of them worked really well and some didn't.
This is one of the experiments that worked well:
We used camping stoves to find out how fresh, and salt, water behave when energy is added - which is a scientific way of saying we heated the water. We discovered that evaporation only happens on the surface of the water and starts at low temperatures. We could see it at only 25 degrees.
Boiling takes place everywhere which is why there are fast rising bubbles and it takes place at high temperatures. Salt water boiled at a higher temperature than fresh water.
We've been finding out about atoms and molecules and how thy behave when systems get more and less energetic.


We spent the day down at Harland Quay and Speke's Mill this Autumn Term.
We were looking at local rock formations and the way in which the area has changed recently, over hundreds of years, and over much longer time-scales .....
This picture shows layers of rock within the cliff. Constant pounding of the waves wear away the cliffs and rocks which are eroded and fall onto the beach.
The strength and movement of the sea rubs the rocks together so they become smooth, then over thousands of years the rocks are turned into sand.
At the museum at Hartland Quay I saw a picture of one of the greatest rescues ever.
It was called 'The Green Ranger', which sailed in 1963 and there were seven members on the ship. There was a fog so they could not see where they were going and the ship hit rocks which caused the ship to break. There was a rescue and everyone survived.
Bear Rock
Bear rock gets its name because the top of it is meant to look like a bear. Bear rock was originally part of the cliff. Bear rock is made out of a hard rock called Culm. The cliff around it would have been made of sandstone and mudstone which are a lot softer than Culm so it has been eroded by the elements. Bear rock was on the sea bed but after 250,000,000 years the tectonic plates have pushed against each other and bear rock is now vertical and pointing out of the sea.
Here is Hartland Quay Beach, the cliffs are all vertical sedimentary rock formations which is made out of sandstone and mudstone.
The rock has been forced up by tectonic plates pushing together over a period of time. On the beach there are large rocks which have fallen by erosion from wind, rain and sea. There are also large pebbles, which are round and smooth from rubbing together as the tide moves in and out.
There is also a cave that had mudstone in it a long time ago and got eroded away.
In this picture Class 6 are walking up an ancient valley that is missing one of its sides which have fallen into the sea.
On the side of the valley that fell into the sea, stands St Catherines Tor.
Right on top of the ridge people believe that there used to be a church, and that on one stormy night the ridge got eroded so much that the church slipped away into the ocean.


This huge section of the waterfall plugened done into the river.
The small section of the waterfall flew back aganst itself.
Thousands of years ago,before the valley was eroded, the waterfall was part of a stream wich created the valley, as the years past the valley eroded leaving the waterfall there.


2011 - 2012

Friday 1st May

We've been getting ready for our SATs in class recently.
A big part of this has involved work for our writing portfolios which is going to give us our end of year writing levels.
We've been working until 5.30pm two nights each week to get ready !!!

But don't think that we've been chained to our desks because we haven't.
We've been planning a big development of part of our school grounds so that we can use a part of our field all year round.
The best bit is that we're going to be incorporating sculptures and art as a part of this so that we end up with our own sculpture garden.


by Jasmin (Year Six)

The SS Great Britain was made by Brunel in Victorian Times.
The ship is made of iron and is powered by a steam engine.
It had to carry a lot of coal which was burnt.
Plates of iron are held together with rivets to make the hull.
People spent months on board to get to destinations like Australia.
They didn’t go for a holiday and they didn’t usually come back to Britain.
In the deep depths of the ship you can see machinery spinning and twisting inside the hull.
These pieces of machinery are used to power the propeller which moves the ship through the water. Most  of the machinery was higher up but some of it was down below.

Steam is made by burning coal and heating water.
The steam make pistons go up and down.
The pistons turn huge cogs which turn a big chain which is a bit like a bike chain.
This turns a long shaft at the bottom which turns the propeller.
Underneath Brunel's SS Great Britain the paint looked brand new  even though it was over a hundred of years old.

The air is kept very warm and dry so that the ship won't rust. It was dumped on a beach in the Falkland Islands and left to rot but then it was rescued and restored.

My guess of how many rivets there were would go past countable because there are so many.
The propeller is at the stern (back) and it spins round to move the ship.



On Tuesday 13th March we went to IGER near Okehampton, for a range of science experiments. We learnt how quickly animals can change, also what forces are needed to blast a rocket into space. We also learnt why temperatures and weather are different around the world and also why soil is so important.

Did you know that the weather can range throughout the world?...... and we learnt why. We learnt why the waves on beaches are rough during the day and calm at night, this happens because the lands trapped the heat from the sun and rises up during the day so this is what makes the waves this is called onshore. In the evening it is called offshore because all the heat that is took from the land is returned in the evening, as there is no heat during the evening there are no waves.

We also did an experiment to see the difference in heat from the sea and the land, by heating a lamp and attaching to pipes of water and to see what the levels are. The land won by far.

We did an experiment to show that hot atoms are move further apart and that cool atoms are more compact to try and conserve heat. We did this by having two trays one with cold ice in and one with room temperature rocks, then we blew bubbles and the cool tray brought the bubbles down quicker than the earth where they went up and then down.

We did an experiment that shows that cold air pulls in tight and hot air expands the air. The pictures here show that when the bottle and balloon are put into hot water and then the balloon blows up and then the bottle is put into cold water and the balloon shrinks. This is because of atoms and the way the act (up above).

Finally we learnt about the water cycle. The clouds sort of have the same pattern the as rain. From the stream and sea water which is  evaporated into the clouds where it cools and sticks together, this is called condensation, and when the clouds are 100% full they let all the water go which is called precipitation (rain). All the water keeps going around this is called the water cycle.

By Shannon and Lucy (Year Six)


When we went to HOLSWORTHY COMMUNITY COLLEGE in March where here we had a show about light. These are some questions which you might ask and I’m going to answer them for you.

What is light?
Light is a form of energy which our sense of sight can detect. It is made of electro-magnetic radiation and travels in a straight path.

What is the speed of light?
The speed of light is the speed at which light travels. It is about 300,000 kilometres per second. Nothing travels faster than light.

Why are there different colours of light?
There are different colours of light because they are light waves which have different wavelengths. Red light has the longest wavelength while violet light has the shortest wavelength.

What are the primary colours of light?
Red, green and blue are the primary colours of light. Mixing them in different ways will make all other colours, including white.

What is reflection?
The bouncing back of light waves when they hit an object with a very smooth and shiny surface, like a mirror, is called reflection.

What is refraction?
The bending of light as it passes from one transparent substance to another, like air to water, is called refraction.

I had loads of fun certainly learnt a lot and had a lot of fun and hope that everyone else did as well.

by Brandon (Year Six)


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